The site is magnified by a galaxy of archeological remains, Rock cut Cave, Samadhi Temple and Tombs ; This sacred place is a monastery.Particularly important are rock cut ancient Buddhist caves and the Mahasamadhi Temple of Santha Arakhita Das. In addition to the campus the Temple for Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra and Devi Subhadra with Radha and Krishna was existed .
Besides these Vaidyeswara Siva Temple and other stray runs archeological importance are existed. The two close rock cut caves in the eastern side of the hillock are popularly known as Khola gumpha. The Ananta Gumpha is in the west north corner and atthe southern side .there is a natural cave called as Paduka Gumpha, or Muni Gumpha. In the west of the back side of the Mahasamadhi Temple there is a cave famous as Sidha Gumpha or Olasuni Gumpha.
Antiquity The antiquity of caves may well go back to the early century ofpre/post Christian era i.e. 1st century BC or AD. The Buddhist marksand Nuns were used to practice yoga in peace and tranquility inside the cave sanctuaries. Long before the evolution and growth of the systematic and structural Buddhist Monastic establishment (Viharas).
This Practice of residing in cave was continued up to the Gupta period i.e. 4th&/5th century A.D. In latter period the people called all those caves with specific name as. Khola Gumpha, Sidha Gumpha or Olasuni gumpha, Paduka gumpha or Muni gumpha And Ananta Gumpha. The cave popularly known as Sidha Gumpha or Olasuni Gumpha was the cave of Buddhist goddess Prajnaparamita, worshiped there by Buddhist up to 11th century AD and then from 12th century AD the goddess called Olasuni. After the arrival of Santha Arakhita Das and following his devotional appeal the goddess Olasuni came down from this cave to anisolated foot hill of the hillock in the east on the bank of river Gobari in he beginning of the 18th century A.D(see Photo s/No-01)Santha Arakhita Das practiced his “ Omkara Yoga” in this cave and perfected as “Brahma Avadhuta”.
The Paduka Gumpha or Muni Gumpha is not a rock cut cave it is the original cave of the hillock, where Santha Arakhita stepped his foot first. The Anata Gumpha is a rock cut cave on which a temple structure built in later time.